DILG CBMS Portal
What is CBMS?
The Community-Based Monitoring System (CBMS) is an organized process of data collection and processing at the local level and of integration of data in local planning, program implementation and impact monitoring. It is a system that promotes evidence-based policy-making and program implementation while empowering communities to participate in the process. It was developed in the early 1990s under the Micro Impacts of Macroeconomic Adjustment Policies (MIMAP) Project-Philippines to provide policymakers and program implementers with a good information base for tracking the impacts of macroeconomic reforms and various policy shocks. Further development of the CBMS methodology, instruments and training modules is being spearheaded or implemented by the CBMS International Network Coordinating Team (INCT).
CBMS Core Indicators
|Basic Needs||Core Indicators|
|A. Health||Proportion of children under 5 years old who died
Proportion of women who died due to pregnancy-related causes
|B. Nutrition||Proportion of children aged 0-5 years old who are malnourished|
Proportion of households living in makeshift housing
Proportion of households who are informal settlers
|D. Water and Sanitation||Proportion of households without access to safe water supply
Proportion of households without access to sanitary toilet facilities
|E. Education||Proportion of children aged 6-11 years old who are not attending elementary school
Proportion of children aged 12-15 years old who are not attending secondary school
Proportion of children aged 6-15 years old who are not attending
|F. Income||Proportion of households with income below the poverty threshold
Proportion of households with income below the food (subsistence) threshold
Proportion of households who experienced hunger due to food
|G. Employment||Proportion of persons in the labor force who are unemployed|
|H. Peace and Order||Proportion of persons who are victims of crimes|
Frequently Asked Questions
- Are too costly to be replicated frequently;
- Are conducted at different time periods making it impossible to get a comprehensive profile of the different socio-demographic groups of interest at a specific point in time; and
- Have sampling designs that do not usually correspond to the geographical disaggregation needed by local governments.
- Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG) – lead agency in providing capacity building support to LGUs on the implementation and use of CBMS for various thematic concerns e.g., grassroots participatory budgeting, comprehensive development planning, disaster risk reduction and management and climate change adaptation, gender and development, etc. The DILG, together with the CBMS Network and National Anti-Poverty Commission, maintains the national repository of CBMS data which is used for policymaking and program implementation.
- National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) – lead advocate for evidence-based policy formulation and budget allocation through generation of CBMS data. With NEDA and the United Nations Development Programme’s (UNDP) support, the CBMS International Network Coordinating Team in collaboration with selected local government units, was able to formulate local status reports on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) using CBMS data.
- National Anti-Poverty Commission (NAPC) – spearheads the use of CBMS data in the preparation of local poverty reduction action plans (LPRAP). It has also been using the national repository of CBMS data in its oversight function over poverty reduction programs by national and local governments.
- Commission on Filipinos Overseas (CFO) – advocate for using the CBMS in improving migration policies and linking them to local development. The CFO’s Lingkod sa Kapwa Pilipino Program uses the CBMS in guiding overseas donor organizations and individuals in targeting their donations for greater impact.
- Union of Local Authorities in the Philippines/League of Provinces of the Philippines/League of Municipalities of the Philippines (LMP) – lead advocates of the CBMS in the provinces, cities and municipalities.
- Academe – the De La Salle Philippines is using CBMS for its GIS learning and community mission programs. Meanwhile, the Xavier University collaborated with selected local government units in Misamis Oriental in the implementation of CBMS.
- Development Partners – IDRC-Canada and UK DFID have been supporting the development and enhancement of the CBMS. Other development organizations such as UNDP, UNICEF, UNFPA, UNIFEM, GIZ, AECID, and World Bank, have supported the implementation of CBMS.?
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