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About CBMS

Pursuant to Republic Act No. 11315, otherwise known as the Community-Based Monitoring System (CBMS) Act approved on 17 April 2019, and the Implementing Rules and Regulations (IRR) signed on 20 May 2020, the PSA is mandated to implement the CBMS.

The Community-Based Monitoring System Act
The Republic Act No. 11315, An Act Establishing A Community-Based Monitoring System and Appropriating Funds Therefore, was signed into law on 17 April 2019 by President Rodrigo Roa Duterte. The law enables the Philippines’ adoption of a community-based monitoring system which generates updated disaggregated data necessary in targeting beneficiaries, conducting more comprehensive poverty analysis and needs prioritization, designing appropriate policies and interventions and monitoring impact over time.


The CBMS Act Implementing Rules and Regulations
To properly and effectively carry out the provisions of Republic Act No. 11315, the PSA, pursuant to Section 15 of the said Act, issued, adopted, prescribed, and promulgated the Implementing Rules and Regulations of the Act on 20 May 2020. The IRR provides details on the functions of the PSA, the LGUs and its partners in implementing the CBMS Act. The IRR also enumerates the role of the CBMS Network and other national government agencies during the transition period of one (1) year from the effectivity of the IRR or for such period as may be determined by the PSA.

CBMS Core Indicators

Basic Needs Core Indicators
A. Health Proportion of children under 5 years old who died
Proportion of women who died due to pregnancy-related causes
B. Nutrition Proportion of children aged 0-5 years old who are malnourished
C. Housing

Proportion of households living in makeshift housing 

Proportion of households who are informal settlers

D. Water and Sanitation Proportion of households without access to safe water supply
Proportion of households without access to sanitary toilet facilities
E. Education Proportion of children aged 6-11 years old who are not attending elementary school
Proportion of children aged 12-15 years old who are not attending secondary school
Proportion of children aged 6-15 years old who are not attending
F. Income Proportion of households with income below the poverty threshold
Proportion of households with income below the food (subsistence) threshold
Proportion of households who experienced hunger due to food
G. Employment Proportion of persons in the labor force who are unemployed
H. Peace and Order Proportion of persons who are victims of crimes


Frequently Asked Questions

CBMS refers to an organized technology-based system of collecting, processing, and validating necessary disaggregated data that may be used for planning, program implementation, and impact monitoring at the local level while empowering communities to participate in the process.

  • generate updated and disaggregated data necessary in the targeting of beneficiaries (e.g. identifying beneficiaries for social development programs);
  • conduct of a more comprehensive poverty analysis and needs prioritization (e.g. generating registries on/locating vulnerable sectors/groups);
  • design of appropriate policies and interventions;
  • provision of a mechanism for impact monitoring over time (e.g. statistics on  Sustainable Development Goals [SDG] indicators to monitor compliance to the SDGs);
  • provision of information that can be used in planning (e.g. Comprehensive Land Use Plan [CLUP], Comprehensive Development Plan [CDP]) to enable a system of public spending that warrants government allocation on areas and populace that are most wanting;
  • establishment of a data collection, data sharing, and information management system which shall respect the fundamental human right to privacy, ensure data quality, and uphold data protection principles of legitimate purpose, transparency, and proportionality;  
  • establishment of a CBMS database at the national and city/municipal level; and,
  • generation of relevant statistics at higher levels that will complement and supplement local level data. 

Republic Act No. 11315, otherwise known as the Community-Based Monitoring System Act, was signed into law by President Rodrigo Roa Duterte on 17 April 2019. Subsequently, the CBMS Implementing Rules and Regulations (IRR) was signed by the National Statistician and Civil Registrar General, Undersecretary Dennis S. Mapa, on 20 May 2020.

The law provides for the adoption of a community-based monitoring system that shall contain disaggregated city and municipal data. It identified the

  • (i) mechanism for implementation to include periodicity and coverage of data collection;
  • (ii) structure for CBMS implementation indicating agencies responsible for overall management, supervision, advocacy, and capacity building; and
  • (iii) utilization and regulation in the dissemination of such information.

Statistical information can be generated on the following data that are to be collected:

  • Data items needed to compute the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI)
  • MPI is a measure that inteds to capture deprivations in various dimensions. This measure can be broken down to reveal incidence and contribution of each indicators to the overall deprivation, thus, providing a clearer picture for the design and implementation of poverty reduction programs and policies.
  • Data to be collected from households include the following, among others:
    • Demography
    • Education
    • Health
    • Economic activity
    • Housing, water, and sanitation
    • Disaster preparedness
  • Data to be collected from the barangays include the following, among others;
    • Service facilities in the barangay
    • Volunteerism
    • ICT readiness of the barangay
    • Disaster risk reduction management practices and resources
    • Natural resources of the barangay
  • Data to be collected from service and community facilities include "Location" among others.

CBMS shall be undertaken regularly with synchronized data collection to be conducted by every city and municipality every three (3) years.

It may also be conducted at shorter intervals, by cities and municipalities at their own expense, for purposes peculiarly useful to them.

  • PSA will be in charge of the triennial synchronized conduct of the CBMS.
  • LGUs will be responsible for the conduct of CBMS in between years of synchronized conduct.

Read More

CBMS Philippines Coverage as of March 17, 2021

Quick Links

  • DILG Official Website Visit the official website of the Department Of Interior and Local Government
  • CBMS Portal CBMS is an organized process of collecting, processing, validating and use of data for various development concerns.

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