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What is CBMS?

The Community-Based Monitoring System (CBMS) is an organized process of data collection and processing at the local level and of integration of data in local planning, program implementation and impact monitoring. It is a system that promotes evidence-based policy-making and program implementation while empowering communities to participate in the process. It was developed in the early 1990s under the Micro Impacts of Macroeconomic Adjustment Policies (MIMAP) Project-Philippines to provide policymakers and program implementers with a good information base for tracking the impacts of macroeconomic reforms and various policy shocks. Further development of the CBMS methodology, instruments and training modules is being spearheaded or implemented by the CBMS International Network Coordinating Team (INCT).


CBMS Core Indicators

Basic Needs Core Indicators
A. Health Proportion of children under 5 years old who died
Proportion of women who died due to pregnancy-related causes
B. Nutrition Proportion of children aged 0-5 years old who are malnourished
C. Housing

Proportion of households living in makeshift housing 

Proportion of households who are informal settlers

D. Water and Sanitation Proportion of households without access to safe water supply
Proportion of households without access to sanitary toilet facilities
E. Education Proportion of children aged 6-11 years old who are not attending elementary school
Proportion of children aged 12-15 years old who are not attending secondary school
Proportion of children aged 6-15 years old who are not attending
school
F. Income Proportion of households with income below the poverty threshold
Proportion of households with income below the food (subsistence) threshold
Proportion of households who experienced hunger due to food
shortage
G. Employment Proportion of persons in the labor force who are unemployed
H. Peace and Order Proportion of persons who are victims of crimes

 

Frequently Asked Questions

The Community-Based Monitoring System (CBMS) is an organized process of data collection and processing at the local level and of integration of data in local planning, program implementation and impact monitoring. It is a system that promotes evidence-based policymaking and program implementation while empowering communities to participate in the process. It was developed in the early 1990s under the Micro Impacts of Macroeconomic Adjustment Policies (MIMAP) Project-Philippines to provide policymakers and program implementers with a good information base for tracking the impacts of macroeconomic reforms and various policy shocks. Further development of the CBMS methodology, instruments and training modules is being spearheaded or implemented by the CBMS International Network Coordinating Team (INCT).
Standard poverty monitoring systems in the Philippines generally rely on surveys such as income-expenditure surveys, health surveys, censuses, etc. However these national censuses and representative surveys:
  • Are too costly to be replicated frequently;
  • Are conducted at different time periods making it impossible to get a comprehensive profile of the different socio-demographic groups of interest at a specific point in time; and
  • Have sampling designs that do not usually correspond to the geographical disaggregation needed by local governments.
In addition, the implementation of decentralization policy, which devolves the delivery of basic services to local governments, creates greater demand for data at the local level. CBMS seeks to address the existing data gaps at the local level for diagnosing extent of poverty at the local level in determining the causes of poverty, formulating appropriate policies and program, identifying eligible beneficiaries and assessing impact of policies and programs. It also supports the decentralization process by capacitating LGUs to collect, analyze and use data in local planning and program implementation.?
The CBMS has several features that enhance the capacity of local governments in detecting and reducing poverty: (a) LGU-based while promoting community participation; (b) taps existing LGU personnel and community volunteers as monitors; (c) has a core set of indicators; (d) involves complete enumeration of all households; and (e) establish databanks at all geopolitical levels.?
Depending on the CBMS track that the local government unit will choose, a number of activities (as seen in the charts below) need to be carried out. The CBMS instruments and modules on data collection, data processing for generation of standard indicators, tables and digitized poverty maps, and use of CBMS data for preparation of socioeconomic profiles and development plans are being provided for free by the CBMS INCT. Technical assistance on the implementation and use of these CBMS tools are also being provided for free to LGUs by trained CBMS accredited trainers from the Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG) and the CBMS INCT.
Computerized processing system software, such as the CBMS Scan,
CBMS Encoding System, StatSim and CBMS-QGIS, are also being
provided for free to partner LGUs.
The CBMS International Network Coordinating Team has partnered with a number
of agencies to scale up the implementation of the CBMS.
  • Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG) – lead agency in providing capacity building support to LGUs on the implementation and use of CBMS for various thematic concerns e.g., grassroots participatory budgeting, comprehensive development planning, disaster risk reduction and management and climate change adaptation, gender and development, etc. The DILG, together with the CBMS Network and National Anti-Poverty Commission, maintains the national repository of CBMS data which is used for policymaking and program implementation.
  • National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) – lead advocate for evidence-based policy formulation and budget allocation through generation of CBMS data. With NEDA and the United Nations Development Programme’s (UNDP) support, the CBMS International Network Coordinating Team in collaboration with selected local government units, was able to formulate local status reports on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) using CBMS data.
  • National Anti-Poverty Commission (NAPC) – spearheads the use of CBMS data in the preparation of local poverty reduction action plans (LPRAP). It has also been using the national repository of CBMS data in its oversight function over poverty reduction programs by national and local governments.
  • Commission on Filipinos Overseas (CFO) – advocate for using the CBMS in improving migration policies and linking them to local development. The CFO’s Lingkod sa Kapwa Pilipino Program uses the CBMS in guiding overseas donor organizations and individuals in targeting their donations for greater impact.
  • Union of Local Authorities in the Philippines/League of Provinces of the Philippines/League of Municipalities of the Philippines (LMP) – lead advocates of the CBMS in the provinces, cities and municipalities.
  • Academe – the De La Salle Philippines is using CBMS for its GIS learning and community mission programs. Meanwhile, the Xavier University collaborated with selected local government units in Misamis Oriental in the implementation of CBMS.
  • Development Partners – IDRC-Canada and UK DFID have been supporting the development and enhancement of the CBMS. Other development organizations such as UNDP, UNICEF, UNFPA, UNIFEM, GIZ, AECID, and World Bank, have supported the implementation of CBMS.?

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CBMS Philippines Coverage as of June 15, 2016

Quick Links

  • DILG Official Website Visit the official website of the Department Of Interior and Local Government
  • CBMS Portal CBMS is an organized process of collecting, processing, validating and use of data for various development concerns.

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